On Life Transitions, Legacy and Money

Christopher Tan

I did not write for this column last month. My mum passed away and when I asked Ms Genevieve Cua, Wealth Editor of The Business Times if I could delay my submission, she suggested that I should take a break which was good advice. Mum was precious to me, and I needed time off to grieve. My mum had Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) for more than a decade and being warded in the hospital was a regular affair for her. But about 8 months ago, they found a 2.2 cm malignant tumour in one of her lungs. We were devastated but since mum was too old for treatment, there was nothing the doctor could do. We simply prayed that it will not grow too rapidly and hoped that mum would have a few more good years with us. Then in February this year, just after Chinese New Year, mum got warded again. Her tumour had grown to about 8 cm in size. But she was still strong and not in too much pain or maybe she was but was just enduring it. After some discussion, my siblings and I decided to put mum on palliative care, and we started getting things ready at home. We bought an oxygen concentrator, wheelchair, hospital bed, air mattress and even found a helper to aid us in the caregiving when mum becomes weaker in the months to come. But before all these things could happen, mum passed away suddenly on 14th March 2022.

My mum had been a homemaker all her married life. She took care of everything at home and even though we were poor, we never felt we lacked anything. Somehow, she could magically maximise every dollar that my father gave her. When I was young, I will always remember mum going to the wet market in the later part of the morning. She will buy vegetables that were not wanted, and fishes that were not sold at a much cheaper price. But because mum was such a great cook, we gobbled up everything she whipped up. Mum also could sew very well. She collected hand-me-downs from others and altered it so that we could wear it. As my father was a bus driver and always working, mum was the disciplinarian at home. She made sure we grew up with the right values and never hesitated to cane us when we misbehaved. And when it came to studies, mum was always encouraging and all she asked of us was to pass our exams and progress to the next level. She knew the importance of giving us a wonderful childhood. At my mum’s wake, relatives, old friends, and neighbours came and paid their last respect. Tears were shed and many shared about how they remembered the kindness and generosity of my mum and how she had blessed them. Some spoke about how welcoming my mum was when they came to our little 3-room flat at Kim Keat Avenue. Others spoke about how mum helped to care for their children (without taking a cent) when they went to work despite her having to cope with 4 kids of her own and was poor. Many talked about how they will miss her cooking. After my mum’s funeral, we went to pack up her room and it was then that I realised how little mum had. A few pieces of clothing, some simple jewelries, stacks of photos with dad and a collection of her embroidery work. A few years before her demise, mum already took out the little money she had in her bank account and distributed it to her grandchildren. Somehow, she knew she will be gone soon. Mum gave her life (and her possessions) to her children and grandchildren and kept almost nothing for herself. Yet, the legacy she left behind and the impact of her legacy were tremendous.

In my industry, legacy planning has often been associated with the use of wills, trusts, offshore holding companies and the sale of universal life insurance or life insurance in general. It is no wonder when an ultra-high net worth individual came to see me some months ago for legacy planning, he said that when he went around looking for advice, “everyone was just trying to sell me something”. Yet, these legal structures and financial products are simply instruments to help execute the legacy we want to leave behind. For my mum, there was no need for them at all. Not just because she was not wealthy, but because her legacy was the memories and her values that she left behind and she had given her possessions away in her lifetime. To me, my mum executed her legacy plan (not that she had a written one!) perfectly because each time she gave, we knew her reasons for giving and her love and values were clearly expressed through those gifts. As a result, the family remains harmonious even though the gifts to each child/grandchild may not be equal in amounts. Her financial gifts to us were a token, an expression and not a measure of her love. Sure, for some of us, we may still need to use legal and financial instruments, but they must only come after carefully considering the legacy we hope to leave behind. The intention must come first, not the products. That is why the first question we always ask our clients is “what do you wish to achieve?”. On the afternoon after my mum’s cremation, my siblings found a stash of cash amounting to about $3,000 in my mum’s drawer and so we distributed it among ourselves equally. I have put aside the money as well as the last red packet my mum gave me during this year’s Chinese New Year with no intention of spending it. Because when I look at them from time to time, they reminded me of my mum, the person that she was. That is what our gifts in our legacy planning must do.

The past 2 years have been a difficult period for me as I go through life transitions. My dad died right after the circuit breaker period. Then about 4 months ago, my father-in-law left us. And in February this year, my daughter left Singapore for her studies. As I thought about my life over the past 2 years, it was the memories spent with each one of them that came to mind, not the exponential business growth or how we navigated the financial markets and made money for clients (and myself). Not that our careers and making and investing money are not important but ultimately, they must be enablers to the legacy we want to create.

A few days before my daughter flew off to Melbourne for her undergraduate studies, she visited her “ah ma” at the hospital for she knew it would be the last time she will see her alive. As she was leaving, her ah ma told her in mandarin: “Go focus on your studies, don’t worry about me, I’m fine”. That will be one of the legacies that my mum will leave her. Her love for others and always preferring others to herself. Nothing to do with money or legal structures.

The writer, Christopher Tan, is Chief Executive Officer of Providend, Singapore’s first fee-only wealth advisory firm and author of the book “Money Wisdom: Simple Truths for Financial Wellness“.

The edited version of this article has been published in The Business Times on 18th April 2022.

For more related resources, check out:
1. My Reflection on the True Value of Estate & Legacy Planning
2. The Importance of End-of-Life Planning
3. Reflections About Life in 2021


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